Treatment options may include:
- Changing position to avoid stiffness and skin breakdown
- Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
- Hot and Cold Packs
- Massage Therapy
- Nerve Blocks
- Relaxation Techniques
- Mental confusion
- Shortness of breath
- Sleep disturbances
Physical exam to determine:
- Location of pain
- Pain severity
- Pain duration
- Pain level
- Pain patterns
A general way to categorize cancer pain is to label it as acute or chronic:
Acute pain is a result of damage from injury and does it usually last long, and it can be managed with painkillers. When the infected area is healed, the pain is usually alleviated.
Chronic pain is caused nerve changes. Nerve changes are caused from cancer pressing on the nerves, chemicals that the tumor produces, or cancer treatment itself. Chronic pain, also known as persistent pain lasts long after the injury and treatment.
Cancer-related pains also include:
- Bone pain
- Nerve pain
- Phantom pain
- Referred pain
- Soft tissue pain
- The Cancerous Tumor
- Radiation Therapy
Cancer pain is often a result of pressure caused by the cancerous tumor pressing against nerves, bones, and various organs. Treatment, tests, and surgery are also responsible for cancer pain. Sometimes, cancer drugs and treatments can cause tingling, numbness, redness, irritation, or a burning sensation.
- Advanced cancer patients are more likely to have pain.
- Cancer pain can almost always be relieved.
- Preventing pain is easier than treating pain after it becomes severe.
- People who use narcotics to treat cancer pain rarely become addicted.