Treatment options may include:
- Bone cement injections
- Normal activities (e.g. walking)
- Pain relievers
- Physical therapy
- Sudden, sharp pain
- Slow developing pain
- Mild pain
- Severe pain
- Dull pain
- Pain worsens when standing, walking, bending, or sitting for long periods of time.
- People may become shorter.
- The back becomes rounded (Kyphosis).
Diagnostic tests include:
- Computed Tomography (CT)
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
- Physical exam and evaluation
Common forms include:
- Wedge fracture – Most common compression fracture
Front of vertebra collapses while the back of it remains intact, creating your weight shape
Can lead to a spinal deformity (hunchback)
- Crush fracture
Fracture throughout the entire vertebra
Bone collapses on itself
- Burst fracture
Breaks in several directions
Sends bone fragments into surrounding areas of spine
Most serious (unstable)
Requires immediate medical attention
Causes & contributing factors may include:
- Metastatic disease
Facts about compression fractures:
- Common in elderly people with osteoporosis.
- Can result from little or no force.
- Walking standing, or sitting for long periods of time aggravates pain in people with osteoporosis-related compression fractures.
- 2 out of every 3 people with osteoporosis-related compression fractures have no symptoms.
- Pain starts to decrease after 1 month and can disappear after 3 months.
- Osteoporosis is most common in elderly women.