Treatment options may include:
- Anti-inflammatory medications
- Chiropractic treatment
- Ice and heat application
- Injectable steroids
- Pain relievers
- Physical therapy
- Bowel or bladder incontinence
- Sharp pain originating in the back and extending to the foot
- Numbness or weakness in legs, arms, and/or foot
- Pain in the shoulder or arm
- Pain in the neck, back, or head
Diagnostic tests include:
- Electromyography (EMG)
- CT scans
- Medical history review
- Physical exam
There are three types of radiculopathy: Cervical, Thoracic and Lumbar.
Cervical radiculopathy – Compression of a nerve in the neck or upper back
Thoracic radiculopathy – A rare condition with symptoms that can include numbness, tingling, and burning or shooting pain in the rib, side, or abdomen
Lumbar radiculopathy – Better-known as sciatica, symptoms include pain and/or numbness in the lower back, hips, and buttock on one side, and pain and/or numbness in one leg or foot.
Causes & contributing factors may include:
- Bone spurs
- Degenerative Disc Disease
- Herniated Disc
- Spinal stenosis
- Spinal tumors
- Radiculopathy can develop from an injury or for no apparent reason.
- It is most common among people aged 30 – 50 years old.